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Research Skills: Evaluating


Evaluate your information using the CRAAP test. 

C urrency: 

When was it written?
Is the information out-of-date for your topic?
R elevance:
Does this relate to your topic?
Who is the intended audience?
Is it at an appropriate level (i.e not too elementary or too advanced)?
A uthority:
Who wrote the information? Who published it?  
Is the author qualified to write about the topic?
Is the author's credentials or contact information provided?
A ccuracy:
Where does the information come from?  
Is the information supported by credible sources?
Does the information seem unbiased?
Are there spelling or grammar mistakes?
P urpose:
What is the purpose of the information?  To persuade? To educate? To sell something?
Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions clear?
Are there political, cultural, institutional or personal biases and opinions?
See Meriam Library's "Applying the CRAAP Test" for more information.

How to Evaluate Resources (the CRAAP Test)

Evaluating Sources for Credibility

Fake News

Evaluating the News